Orthodontic treatment is used to correct teeth that are crowded, crooked, protruding, out of alignment or have irregular spacing. By moving teeth into the ideal position, Orthodontic treatment helps to create a more attractive and healthier smile for both children and adults. This treatment can protect your bite (occlusion), maximize the effectiveness of your teeth in performing their functions and create a well-aligned smile.
Malocclusion (bad bite) is the most common oral health issue which requires Orthodontic treatment and may be caused by one or more factors:
1. Small Mouth – This results in a limited amount of space for the teeth to grow. This can foster crowding once the permanent teeth erupt.
2. Tongue Thrusting - Childhood habit of thrusting the tongue forward and pressing it against the lips with a force can result in the protrusion of teeth or “open bite”
3. Misaligned jaw and Bone Structure - This can affect the bite and create malocclusion, which will result in difficulty in chewing and speaking or otherwise impact the functionality of the teeth.
4. Thumb and Finger Sucking – Childhood habits, which cause malocclusion and can be detrimental to dental and facial development.
5. Extra Teeth or Not Enough – You may have extra teeth develop and or protrude or teeth that do not develop or protrude at all. Either way, extra teeth or not enough teeth affect your bite.
Myofunctional Appliances are generally used for patients who are in active growth stage that is normally 9 to 15 years of age. These appliances help to correct the inequal growth of upper and lower jaws which result in the child having trapped lower lip between upper and lower teeth. These are fixed or removable orthodontic appliances which use force generated by stretching of muscles, fascia and /or periodontium to change skeletal or dental relationship.
It is far more efficient treatment option than waiting for the problem to get severe. Once growth get completed, surgical intervention may be required along with braces to position the upper and lower teeth in most favorable position. The Myofunctional appliance restricts or rdirects the growth of upper jaw and stimulate the growth of the lower jaw.
Both adults and children can undergo treatment with Dental Braces The process for moving teeth is basically the same, but, the treatment may take longer for adults as adult facial bones are no longer growing and certain corrections may not be possible by using Braces alone.
Dental Braces typically consist of Brackets and Arch Wires, as well as Elastic Ties that hold the Arch Wires in Place.
Brackets may be composed of Metal. Ceramic, Composite or a combination of these materials. You can choose from different Bracket shapes and different colour Elastics. These days, Brackets are much smaller than earlier and sometimes may be attached to the back of the teeth to make them less noticeable.
Arch Wires (Dental Brace Wires) are attached to the Brackets and apply constant pressure to the teeth to move them into the necessary positions. These wires retain their original shape, yet are extremely flexible
Aligners are Orthodontic devices that use transparent, incremental aligner sets to adjust teeth as an alternative to Braces. These custom made aligner trays are made of smooth, comfortable and virtually invisible plastic that you wear over your teeth. Wearing the aligner trays will gradually and gently shift your teeth into place, based on the exact movements we plan out for you. The best part about the whole process is that most people won't even know you're straightening your teeth.
We will take x-rays and impressions of your teeth, which will be used to create a digital 3-D image of them. From these images a precise treatment plan will be mapped, including the exact movements of your teeth, and the approximate length of treatment. While every case is unique to each patient, treatment typically takes approximately a year for adults. For teens the length of treatments is comparable to that of braces.
Based on your individual treatment plan, a series of custom-made, clear aligners is then created specifically for you. These aligners are made of a smooth, comfortable, BPA-free plastic that won't irritate your cheeks and gums like traditional metal braces often do. Simply wear them throughout the day, and remove them when you eat or to brush and floss your teeth. As you wear each set of aligners, your teeth gently and gradually begin to shift into place. And because they're virtually invisible, most people won't even notice you're wearing them.
Approximately every two weeks, you will begin wearing a new set of aligners, advancing you to the next stage of your treatment. To monitor your progress, you will also have occasional checkups, usually only every six weeks or so. For best results and a timely outcome, you should wear your aligners for 20 to 22 hours per day, throughout your entire treatment. At every stage, you will be able to see how much closer you are to having the smile that reflects the real you.