Your dentist will recommend how often to have routine checkups. Many people should see their dentists once or twice a year. People with very little risk of cavities or gum disease can do fine seeing their dentist just once a year. People with a high risk of dental disease might need to visit every three or four months, or more. This high-risk group includes:
Your dentist will examine your teeth and gums for signs of tooth decay, gingivitis, and other health problems and recommend any of the following procedures:-
This involves cleaning your teeth by scraping hard mineral buildup (tartar) off your teeth with a small metal tool. Then your teeth will be flossed, polished with a compound and fluoride applied to them. Scaling and Polishing usually aren't painful.
Permanent teeth can last a lifetime. However, damaged or decayed teeth need to be extracted. Other reasons for extractions include:
Local anaesthesia is used to numb the area around the tooth to be extracted so that the entire procedure becomes painless. It would take about 2-3 days to recover, during which period the dentist will prescribe pain killers and antibiotics depending upon your medical history. To aid the recovery take the following precautions:
It is normal to feel some pain after the anaesthesic wears off. For 24 hours after having a tooth out, you should also expect some swelling and residual bleeding. However, if pain is severe or bleeding continues for more than four hours after the extraction, you should call your dentist.
An impacted tooth is a tooth that does not break through the gum. This most commonly happens with the wisdom teeth (the third set of molars). They are the last teeth to emerge. They usually come in between the ages of 17 and 21.
An impacted tooth remains stuck in gum tissue or bone for various reasons. The area may be overcrowded so there's no room for the teeth to emerge. For example, the jaw may be too small to fit the wisdom teeth. Teeth may also become twisted, tilted, or displaced as they try to emerge. This results in impacted teeth.
Although impacted wisdom teeth are often painless and do not cause any problem, they can cause misalignment of the bite. Also, a partially emerged tooth can trap food, plaque, and other debris in the soft tissue around it, which can lead to inflammation and tenderness of the gums and unpleasant mouth odor. The retained debris may also lead to the decay on the wisdom tooth or the neighboring tooth.
To correct this, we will cut away gum and bone tissue that cover the tooth and then, using forceps, grasp the tooth and gently rock it back and forth to loosen it from the jaw bone and ligaments that hold it in place. Sometimes, a tooth that is difficult to remove must be taken out in pieces.
Bonding is a single visit procedure and takes care of chips, gaps between teeth, staining, splotches from wearing braces, crookedness or even teeth whose shapes are displeasing. It involves permanently attaching dental materials to your teeth using dental adhesives and a high intensity curing light.
Dental fillings are used to repair minimal tooth fractures, tooth decay, or otherwise damaged surfaces of the teeth. Dental filing materials may be used to even out tooth surfaces for better biting or chewing. In many cases, individuals with enamel loss resulting in tooth sensitivity will notice a significant improvement or complete elimination of sensitivity once appropriate dental filling material is placed.
We use tooth-coloured composites to fill cavities, repair chips or cracks, close gaps between teeth and build up worn – down edges of teeth.