Routine Dentistry

 

Your dentist will recommend how often to have routine checkups. Many people should see their dentists once or twice a year. People with very little risk of cavities or gum disease can do fine seeing their dentist just once a year. People with a high risk of dental disease might need to visit every three or four months, or more. This high-risk group includes:

 

  • Smokers
  • Diabetics
  • People with current gum disease
  • People with a weak immune response to bacterial infection
  • People who tend to get cavities or build up plaque

 

Your dentist will examine your teeth and gums for signs of tooth decay, gingivitis, and other health problems and recommend any of the following procedures:-

 

 

Scaling and polishing

 

This involves cleaning your teeth by scraping hard mineral buildup (tartar) off your teeth with a small metal tool. Then your teeth will be flossed, polished with a compound and fluoride applied to them. Scaling and Polishing usually aren't painful.

 

 

Extractions

 

Permanent teeth can last a lifetime. However, damaged or decayed teeth need to be extracted. Other reasons for extractions include:

 

  1. Sometimes teeth will have to be extracted to prepare for Orthodontic Treatment. Also, if a tooth cannot erupt through the gum because there is not enough room for it, the dentist may recommend extraction.
  2. If the tooth decay extends to the pulp, bacteria in the mouth can enter the pulp leading to infection. If this infection is severe and cannot be treated by antibiotics, extraction would be the only way to prevent the spread of infection.
  3. Gum disease can cause the loosening of teeth. In such a case it may be necessary to extract the tooth/ teeth.
  4. Apply an ice pack to the affected area to keep down swelling.
  5. Avoid rinsing or spitting for 6 hours after extraction to avoid dislodging the clot that forms in the socket.
  6. After 6 hours gently rinse your mouth by adding some salt to the water
  7. Eat soft food for 2 days
  8. Do  not smoke till you recover completely

 

Local anaesthesia is used to numb the area around the tooth to be extracted so that the entire procedure becomes painless. It would take about 2-3 days to recover, during which period the dentist will prescribe pain killers and antibiotics depending upon your medical history. To aid the recovery take the following precautions:

 

It is normal to feel some pain after the anaesthesic wears off. For 24 hours after having a tooth out, you should also expect some swelling and residual bleeding. However, if pain is severe or bleeding continues for more than four hours after the extraction, you should call your dentist.

 

 

Impactions

 

An impacted tooth is a tooth that does not break through the gum. This most commonly happens with the wisdom teeth (the third set of molars). They are the last teeth to emerge. They usually come in between the ages of 17 and 21.

 

An impacted tooth remains stuck in gum tissue or bone for various reasons. The area may be overcrowded so there's no room for the teeth to emerge. For example, the jaw may be too small to fit the wisdom teeth. Teeth may also become twisted, tilted, or displaced as they try to emerge. This results in impacted teeth.

 

Although impacted wisdom teeth are often painless and do not cause any problem, they can cause misalignment of the bite. Also, a partially emerged tooth can trap food, plaque, and other debris in the soft tissue around it, which can lead to inflammation and tenderness of the gums and unpleasant mouth odor. The retained debris may also lead to the decay on the wisdom tooth or the neighboring tooth.

 

To correct this, we will cut away gum and bone tissue that cover the tooth and then, using forceps, grasp the tooth and gently rock it back and forth to loosen it from the jaw bone and ligaments that hold it in place. Sometimes, a tooth that is difficult to remove must be taken out in pieces.

 

 

Bonding and Filling

 

Bonding is a single visit procedure and takes care of chips, gaps between teeth, staining, splotches from wearing braces, crookedness or even teeth whose shapes are displeasing. It involves permanently attaching dental materials to your teeth using dental adhesives and a high intensity curing light.

 

Dental fillings are used to repair minimal tooth fractures, tooth decay, or otherwise damaged surfaces of the teeth. Dental filing materials may be used to even out tooth surfaces for better biting or chewing. In many cases, individuals with enamel loss resulting in tooth sensitivity will notice a significant improvement or complete elimination of sensitivity once appropriate dental filling material is placed.

 

We use tooth-coloured composites to fill cavities, repair chips or cracks, close gaps between teeth and build up worn – down edges of teeth.